What Is Retinol?
Retinol is basically a type of Retinoid found in vitamin A which acts an exfoliant to help you get rid of the damaged skin cells. It isn’t exactly same as exfoliating but it does encourages cell turnover. It’s proven to soften fine lines and acne spots too.
They work in three ways –
- Fight free radicals
- Improve collagen level
- Speed up cell turnover (so they unclog your pores, making them appear smaller)
When Should You Start Using Retinol?
Best to start at the age of 25. You can also start using it at a young age, say early 20s. Afterall, Prevention is a lot easier than correction.
What Strength of Retinol is Suitable For Your Skin?
For sensitive skin : 0.01% is considered low strength and can be used by people with sensitive skin. Apply it on a daily basis for best results.
For normal to combination skin : People who have normal skin and are dealing with stubborn skincare problems can go for moderate strength i.e. 0.04 – 0.1% . Apply it 2 to 3 times a week during nighttime.
For darker/thicker/tougher skin : Go for retinol 0.5 – 1% which is considered high strength – to deal with deep wrinkles and loss of firmness.
Big Tip: If you notice signs of irritation, reduce the frequency of use until you find the correct balance for your skin.
How To Use Retinol?
- Start with a pea-sized amount – with a lighter dose of around 0.05% on alternate days , to treat your entire face at least 10 minutes after cleansing your face (avoid applying it to your eyes and mouth). Follow up with a moisturizer to buffer any irritation. You can start using it nightly, once your skin is accustomed.
- Make a habit of applying sunscreen daily as Retinol can make your skin sensitive to sunlight.
- Retinoids break down in sunlight so incorporate it into your evening regimen. Make sure you keep the rest of your skincare simple to avoid overloading the skin with active-ingredients. If you wish to apply it during daytime, Make sure you wear a broad-spectrum (SPF 30+ ) sunscreen as the last step in your daytime skincare routine to protect the new healthy skin that is being created.
- Initially it can cause redness, So let your skin adapt to the treatment, slowly increase usage.
NOTE: When to avoid using Retinol:
- If you’re planning to get pregnant or are already expecting.
- Atleast 2 days before/after getting a wax.
How Long Does It Take Retinol To Work?
People will experience results differently but usually it takes about an average of 12 weeks for Retinol to produce some noticeable changes in the skin and is mostly depends on the strength of Retinol you are using.
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